But it is not known whether the people of Harappan culture themselves hunted or they got meat from other hunting communities. Answer: What were the main subsistence methods of the Harappan.people? People gradually forgot all about them when Harappan cities fell into ruins. Two features of Harappan settlements are: Question 34. (c) A few houses had stair-case to go on the roof or the second storey. Drainage systems were not unquestioned to the larger cities but were found in smaller settlements as well. Question 2. Rooms on three sides were made in one of which was a large well. From Ernest Mackay, Early Indus Civilisation, 1948. Assumptions have been made, regarding clothing by using indirect evidence. Question 10. Nodules were chipped into rough shapes and then finely flaked into the final form. Important Questions and Answers. and steatite; metals like copper, bronze and gold; and shell, faience terracotta or burnt clay. HARAPPA IS LOCATED ON THE BANKS OF WHICH RIVER ? Himachal Pradesh. There was a deterioration in the techniques of house construction. This artefact could also be useful in both forms. 3. List the items of food available to people in Harappan cities. Share yours for free! Copper was probably brought from Oman. All these cultures were called as “Late Harappan” or “Successor Cultures”. All the gold jewellery found at Harappan sites was recovered from. Lapis Lazuli was a blue stone with very high value. There were rooms on all the sides of the courtyard. With which countries did Harappan people have trading contacts? (a) The skeleton found at the site did not belong to that period. Identify the groups who would have provided these. Sixteen skeletons of people with the ornaments that they were wearing when they died, were found from the same part of Mohenjodaro in 1925. It indicates the use of plough in agriculture. Who was Cunningham? 2013 (D)) 2014 (D)) Maybe people started to worship them at this age. Terracotta models of plough have been found at Baluchistan (Pakistan) and Banawali (Haryana). For what purpose was the Great Bath used by the Harappans? Or Question 9. But a site like Harappa was completely different from the nature of research of Cunningham because it was neither a part of the itinerary of the Chinese pilgrims and nor it was a historical city. Kerala Plus Two History Chapter Wise Questions and Answers Chapter 1 Bricks, Beads and Bones (The Harappan Civilisation) Question 1. Other means of irrigation were: Question 20. Construction, Doors and Windows: The people of the Indus Valley had houses made of pucca bricks. Besides this, the main entrance does not give a direct view of the interior of the courtyard. It was so because archaeologists had information about the Mesopotamian history and their priest-kings. Describe the economy (economic life) of the Harappan people. Question 13. Mujhe umeed hai ki yeh video aapko pasand aayegi. The Most Ancient System Yet Discovered (C.B.S.E. Well-planned Roads and Streets: All the roads and streets of the Indus Valley were developed under a plan. Religious customs: Archaeologists found certain objects which may have had a religious significance. Traces of canals have been found at the Harappan site of Shortugai in Afghanistan. All the signs were a symbol of something. Now their significance began to be realised. 3. 2. Artefacts are generally classified into useful and luxurious things. He (C.B.S.E. Describe the contribution of John I * Marshall in the Indian archaeology. There was a big drain outside the city where the wastewater of the whole town was accumulated. Give two reasons to support your answer. Two distinct characteristics of this region were as follows : Question 23. Mesopotamian texts mentioned contacts with a region of Dilmun (maybe Bahrain) from where copper was procured. The most unique feature of Mohenjodaro was the planned urban centre: (i) The settlement is divided into two sections, one smaller but higher and the other much larger. The second section was large but it was at a lower place. Answer: This feature can be seen in the cities of present times. Archaeologists try to understand the function of any artefact in that context in which it is found. Answer: (iv) There were signs of planning like bricks, sun-dried or … Along with the residencies, there were buildings which were used for public purposes. 2009) The largest building in this town was the citadel which was 45.71 metres long and 15.23 metres wide. Marshall tended to excavate along with regular horizontal units, measured unit firmly throughout the mound, ignoring the stratigraphy of the site and this was the biggest drawback in his excavation process. Answer: They were 3 to 4 feet wide and six feet in height. These bricks were flat, round and of big size. Answer: Describe how did the archaeologists “.classify their finds. It suggests that two different crops were grown together. Writing has been found on seals, rims of jars, copper tools, copper and terracotta tablets, bone rods, jewellery and even on the ancient signboard. Or Evidence of a ploughed field at Kalibangan (Rajasthan) have been found. (C.B.S.E. There were many kinds of houses which were made of bricks. Archaeologists have been able to reconstruct dietary practice from finds of charred grains and seeds. Question 2. The burials that have been found at the Harappan sites indicate that the dead were generally laid in the pits. What does it indicate? Why the little pots made by it were considered precious ? Metal scale pans have also been found at the sites of Harappan civilisation. 2. Which archaeologists contributed in this work. In fact, the size of the doors depended on the size of the house. 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